The most important archaeological site, a satrapy of modern empire, Taxila is 110 km from Peshawar. For over one thousand years, Taxila remained famous as a centre of learning Gandhara art of sculpture, architecture, education and Buddhism in the days of Buddhist glory. There are the three distinct cities, which are nicely excavated and preserved in Taxila. Bhir Moundn was established around sixth century B.C; the Sirkap city, built around the 2nd century B.C., is on the opposite side of Tamara stream; and finally Sirsukh, built by Kushan kings in the first century A.D., is the most modern city of all. There are over 50 archaeological sites scattered in a radius of 30 kms around Taxila. Some of the most important sites are; Dhamarajika Stupa and Monastery (300 BC - 200 AD), Bhir Mound (600-200 BC), Sirkap (200 BC - 600 AD), Jandial Temple (c.250 BC) and Jaulian Monastery (200 - 600 AD).